Almost 3 million Haitians obtain the water they drink from rivers and other unprotected sources. This water of questionable quality contributes to the prevalence of diarrhoea cases among children. Whereas EMMUS IV estimated that slightly more than two-thirds of households (67 per cent) did not use any means of water treatment, EMMUS V notes a significant change in which the majority of the population (63 per cent) reportedly use water purification tablets or sachets to treat water.
The rate of access to basic sanitation is 26 per cent. 34 per cent of the population in urban areas have access to basic sanitation, leaving two thirds of the population (nearly 6.5 million people, in particular children) in extremely risky sanitary condition. At the national level, 23 per cent of the population practice open defecation, among which 41 per cent account for the rural population.
THE MAIN CHALLENGES
- 51 per cent of households in rural areas do not have access to safe drinking water.
- Access to improved sanitation increased from 14 per cent in 2005/06 to 26 per cent in 2012 at the national level. Yet, more than 80 per cent of rural households still do not have access to improved sanitation.
The expected result of the UNICEF-supported Programme is that children, women and their families, especially the most vulnerable in the rural areas and in the poor urban areas, have equitable and sustainable access to safe drinking water , basic sanitation and hygiene education.
The programme will help to :
- Improve sustainable access to safe drinking water for children, women and their families, especially the most vulnerable in rural and poor urban areas, as well as in improving the adoption of safe hygiene practices.
- Increase sanitation coverage, especially in rural zones through the community-led approach for total sanitation.
- Improve access to safe drinking water among rural and peri-urban communities and promote water treatment, household water storage, as well as the promotion of the use chlorine products.
- Increase access to water, the number of gender separate sanitation systems and hand-washing facilities in schools as well as hygiene and sanitation education
- Strengthen national partner’s technical means and capacities to reduce vulnerability to disasters and to provide adequate and coordinated response in emergency situations.
- Strengthening of partnership and the collaboration on crucial issues of the sector such as the scaling-up sanitation coverage and increasing the equitable of investment for long-term infrastructures.
- Support DINEPA to improve information management, develop guidelines, national standards and technical orientation to use new technology, innovative concepts and approaches.
- Support the decentralization of responsibilities to different sub-national levels, in relation to the integrated departmental approach for the capacity development especially in the North, the South East, the South, the Center and the Artibonite departments.
- Support implementing partners and for departmental service providers, including authorities and technicians at municipal level and empowering communities with resources, tools and skills required for a more effective and autonomous management of WASH services.
- Strengthening of the equity-based approach, targeting deprived populations living in poor urban areas, through direct investment and a political advocacy for enhanced services.
- Production of textbooks, tools and training materials for use by schools and communities, in support for C4D (Communication for Development)inverventions at the family level, in order to improve hygiene practices of high-risk groups, especially those living in the targeted communes.
Stories about water and sanitation…
This post is also available in: French