International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966)

Ratified on 8 October 2013

Among its provisions, Article 10 stipulates that “[t]he widest possible protection and assistance should be accorded to the family […] while it is responsible for the care and education of dependent children” and that “[s]pecial measures of protection and assistance should be taken on behalf of all children and young persons […] Children and young persons should be protected from economic and social exploitation. Their employment in work harmful to their morals or health or dangerous to life or likely to hamper their normal development should be punishable by law.” Furthermore “[t]he States Parties to the present Covenant recognize the right of everyone to an adequate standard of living for himself and his family, including adequate food, clothing and housing” (Article 11) and in Article 13 “[p]rimary education shall be compulsory and available free to all; [s]econdary education […], including technical and vocational secondary education, shall be made generally available and accessible to all”.

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