rom 1 January to 24 November 2018, 3644 suspected cases of cholera and 41 deaths were notified by the Ministry of Health (DELR – Directorate of Laboratory and Research Epidemiology), which corresponds to the lowest level of transmission since the beginning of the epidemic. Indeed, after a drop of 67% between 2016 and 2017, the number of suspected cases has further decreased by 70% over the first three quarters of 2018 compared to the same period of the previous year.
In 2017, children under 18 accounted for about 38% of suspected cholera cases in the 3 most affected departments (West, Artibonite and Center), and 18% even included children under 5 years of age. Girls accounted for 45% and boys for 55% (estimated UNICEF about 50% of reported cases). Children, whether they themselves are sick or when their parents are hospitalized or dying, are therefore suffering the full brunt of the disease.
From January to November 2018, more than 93% of the suspected cases benefited from a rapid response by the teams, of which 91% in less than 48 hours. 11,301 interventions (responses and preventions) were conducted by the mobile teams of the Ministry of Health (EMIRA), with the support of UNICEF NGO partners, to raise awareness of more than 1,216,000 people. In addition, 105,944 households received a home water treatment product.
Through its actions to develop access to water and sanitation, carried out in support of the National Directorate of Drinking Water and Sanitation and the Ministry of Health, UNICEF is also fighting against of diarrheal diseases that still represent a heavy burden on the lives of children in Haiti. Since mid-2016 and the launch of the medium-term cholera elimination plan, 71,818 people have gained access to water in priority areas, 16,737 students have benefited from access to water and sanitation in their schools and 69 localities, about 70,000 people, were declared free of open defecation.